Industrial Automation Components Lead to Technological Change and Future Innovation

ndustrial Automation Components

Industrial Automation Components Lead to Technological Change and Future Innovation

Industrial automation components and equipment assemblies are increasingly becoming a key force in leading innovation in the technological landscape. Whether it’s sensors, actuators or other connected devices, together they form the backbone of automation systems that are profoundly changing every aspect of modern industry.

While the previous article explored 10 application areas, this article will delve deeper into the wide range of applications for these components in CNC manufacturing, woodworking, agriculture, medicine, and more, revealing how they are driving productivity and technological advancement.


1. CNC Machine

CNC machine tools perform precision cutting, milling, and moulding of materials. It uses automation components such as CNC controllers, stepper motors, servo components, frequency converters, encoders, sensors and power supplies.

CNC Controller: Responsible for receiving and interpreting process information supplied by the program and controlling the motion, speed and position of the machine tool to ensure accurate execution of machining tasks.

Stepper motors: Control the position of the machine tool by converting electrical power into discrete stepping motions for highly accurate and reliable positioning, especially for applications requiring accurate position control.

Servo Components: Monitor and adjust the machine’s motion in real-time through a feedback system to ensure precision machining. Servo motors and servo drives are typical servo components.

Frequency inverters: Adjust the output speed of the motor to achieve precise control of the machine’s movement, increasing flexibility and efficiency.

Encoder: Used to measure the movement position of machine axes and feedback on the actual position to the CNC controller, thus realizing closed-loop control and improving the positioning accuracy of the system.

Sensors: detect and monitor various parameters in the machining process, such as temperature, pressure, speed, etc., to ensure that the machine tool operates within the safety range, and realize real-time monitoring of the production environment.

Power supply: Provide stable power for the CNC machine tool to ensure the normal operation of various automation components and maintain the stability and reliability of machining.

CNC Machine

2. Woodworking machinery

Woodworking machinery cuts, moulds and finishes wood materials. Automation components used in woodworking machines include stepper motors, servo motors and drives, sensor switches, encoders and PLCs.

These parts play an important role in the process of cutting, moulding and surface treatment of wood materials:

Stepper motors: are used to control the precise position and movement of woodworking machinery.

Servo Motors and Drives: Servo systems are often used in woodworking machinery for applications that require high-precision motion, such as precision cutting.

Sensor switches: Used to detect the physical state of the woodworking machine during operation, such as the position of the wood block, the position of the tool, etc. These sensor switches provide feedback signals that help to control the wood.

Encoders: Used to measure and provide feedback on the position of woodworking machine tools. Used in conjunction with a control system, encoders help ensure precise positioning of wood and accurate control of tool positions.

PLC (Programmable Logic Controller): As the core of the control system, the PLC is responsible for receiving and processing input signals from sensors, encoders and other inputs, and then controlling the output signals to direct the woodworking machinery to perform specific operational tasks.

Medical equipment manufacturing

3. Medical equipment manufacturing

Medical Device Manufacturing produces a variety of medical devices. Automation components used in medical device manufacturing include cleanroom robots, vision systems and precision motors, each of which plays an important role:

Cleanroom Robots: Cleanroom robots are used in the manufacturing process of medical devices to perform a variety of tasks such as assembly, handling and inspection in a highly clean environment.

Vision Systems: Vision systems are widely used in medical device manufacturing for quality control and inspection.

Precision Motors: In medical devices, precision motors are commonly used to drive and control a variety of mechanical motions, such as precise positioning, rotation or vibration.

Programmable Logic Controller

4. Agricultural machinery

Agricultural machinery performs tasks such as sowing, harvesting and crop processing. Automation components widely used in agricultural machinery for tasks such as planting, harvesting and crop processing include GPS guidance systems, hydraulic control valves and joysticks, each of which plays a key role:

GPS guidance systems: Used to automate the positioning and navigation of agricultural machinery, GPS systems provide highly accurate geographic location information that enables agricultural machinery to follow a predetermined trajectory in the field. This helps to improve operational efficiency, reduce waste and ensure the accuracy of agricultural activities.

Hydraulic Control Valve: Used to control the hydraulic system in agricultural machinery, such as the hydraulic arm of a tractor or harvester. The hydraulic control valves allow precise control of the various movements of the machinery, such as lifting, lowering, tilting, etc., in order to adapt to the needs of different agricultural operations.

Joystick: Used for human-machine interaction to communicate the operator’s manoeuvres to the agricultural machinery. Joysticks are usually used to control the speed, direction, lifting and lowering functions of the machinery, enabling the operator to easily and accurately manoeuvre the machinery to perform various agricultural tasks.

5. HVAC system

HVAC systems control the temperature, humidity and air quality in a building.
Automation components used are thermostats, variable frequency drives (VFDs) and pressure sensors.

Thermostat: Used to measure the indoor temperature and adjust the operation of the HVAC system based on a preset temperature setpoint.

Variable Frequency Drive (VFD): Used to adjust the operating speed of fans and pumps in an HVAC system. By varying the speed of the motor, the VFD achieves precise control of the air conditioning system, dynamically adjusting the air and water flow according to demand.

Pressure Sensor: Used to monitor the pressure of air or water flow in an HVAC system. By measuring pressure changes in real-time, the system can make timely adjustments to fans and pumps to ensure proper fluid operation and prevent system overload or energy efficiency reduction.

Power supply

6. Construction machinery

Construction machinery performs tasks such as digging, lifting and concrete mixing. Automation components used include hydraulic actuators, position sensors and boom control systems.

Hydraulic Actuators: Hydraulic actuators transmit fluid pressure through a hydraulic system to execute the movement of mechanical components. In construction machinery, hydraulic actuators are typically used to provide power to achieve movements such as digging, lifting, and telescoping.

Position Sensors: Position sensors are used to monitor and detect the position of mechanical components. In construction machinery, position sensors help the control system to accurately obtain information about the current position of the mechanical components to achieve precise control and positioning.

Boom control systems: Boom control systems are used to manage and control the booms on construction machinery to ensure good stability and accuracy in performing their tasks. The system may include sensors, controllers and actuators to monitor the position, load and movement of the boom and make adjustments as required.

Material handling equipment

7. Material handling equipment

Material handling equipment transports materials within the facility. Automation components utilized include conveyors, AGVs (Automated Guided Vehicles), and RFID systems.

Conveyor Belt: A conveyor belt is a mechanical device used to transport materials within an equipment or facility. Its main function is to transfer materials from one location to another for efficient material transportation.

AGV (Automated Guided Vehicle): AGV is an automated means of transportation that can navigate autonomously within a facility. It can carry goods, according to the preset path or through the navigation system to autonomously plan the path, to complete the task of material transportation.

RFID System: The RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) system realizes the identification and tracking of objects by using radio frequency signals. In material handling equipment, RFID tags are usually attached to the material and RFID readers are used to read the information on the tags.

Mining Machinery

8. Power generation equipment

Power generation equipment is used to generate electricity. The automated components used are turbine controllers, voltage regulators and generator protection relays.

Turbine Controller: A turbine controller is used to monitor and control the operation of a turbine. A turbine usually consists of a turbine and a generator, which is driven by the rotation of a fluid (such as water, steam, or gas), which in turn drives the generator to produce electricity.

VOLTAGE REGULATOR: The voltage regulator is used to maintain the generator output voltage within a set appropriate range.

GENERATOR PROTECTION RELAYS: Generator protection relays are used to monitor and protect the generator from damage during operation. It monitors the current, voltage, temperature and other parameters of the generator, and once an abnormal condition is detected (e.g., overload, short-circuit, overheating, etc.), it will cut off the power supply or take other protective measures in time to prevent the generator from being damaged and ensure the safe operation of the system.

9. Mining Machinery

Mining machinery is used to drill, extract and transport minerals. Automation components used include telemetry systems, load cells and dust suppression systems.

Telemetry systems: Telemetry systems are remote measurement and monitoring systems used to monitor various parameters of mining machinery in real-time. These parameters may include the position, condition, operating speed, temperature, etc. of the machinery.

Load Cells: Load cells are used to measure and monitor the weight of minerals extracted by mining machinery. These sensors are usually mounted on extraction equipment or transportation equipment and can measure the weight of the load in real-time.

Dust suppression systems: Dust suppression systems are used to reduce the amount of dust generated during the mining process. These systems typically include water spray systems, fans and filtration equipment.

10. Renewable energy system

Renewable energy systems utilize solar, wind and hydroelectric power. Automation components used include solar tracking systems, wind turbine controllers and hydroelectric control panels.

Solar Tracking Systems: Solar tracking systems are used to track the movement of the sun and adjust the orientation of solar collection equipment, such as solar panels or concentrating solar power systems so that they are always facing the sun.

Wind Turbine Controllers: Wind turbine controllers are used to monitor and adjust the operational status of the wind turbine. This includes controlling the speed and steering of the turbine as well as the angle of the blades to optimize energy conversion efficiency. Through real-time wind speed and direction monitoring, wind turbine controllers can adjust the turbine’s operating parameters to ensure maximum wind energy utilization across a range of wind speeds and climatic conditions.

Hydroelectric Control Panel: The hydroelectric control panel is used to monitor and control the operation of a hydroelectric power plant. It involves the management of the water flow, the control of the turbines and the operational status of the generators.

pc based control

As technology continues to evolve, the widespread use of industrial automation components in various fields has brought about profound changes. Hydraulic actuators, sensors, and control systems have improved efficiency, precision, and safety in the work environment. In the future, automation technology is expected to continue to lead the way in areas such as smart manufacturing and smart cities, creating a more efficient, intelligent and sustainable future for us. Therefore, we need to stay curious, keep up with technology trends, and embrace the infinite possibilities of the future. In this age of automation, our thinking and innovation will be the driving force behind technological progress.

If you have any questions or cooperation intentions about industrial automation components, please feel free to contact Ricoautomation to discuss more innovative possibilities. You can contact us through the following way:  

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